Secrecy, authentication, and public key systems

  • 104 Pages
  • 1.43 MB
  • English
UMI Research Press , Ann Arbor, Mich
Computers -- Access control., Data protection., Public key cryptogr
Statementby Ralph C. Merkle.
SeriesComputer science., no. 18
LC ClassificationsQA76.9.A25 M47 1982
The Physical Object
Pagination104 p. ;
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL3497511M
ISBN 100835713849
LC Control Number82017611

Ralph Merkle's Home Page. ISBN: OCLC Number: Notes: Revision of the author's thesis (Ph. DStanford University, ). Description: pages ; 24 cm. The book also explains public key crypto systems and their use for authentication (such as PKI).

People issues of security also receive well-deserved coverage in a separate chapter. Various kinds of secrets used for people as passwords are by: The first part of Access Control, Authentication, and Public Key Infrastructure defines the components of access control, provides a business framework for implementation, and discusses legal requirements that impact access contol programs.

It then looks at the risks, threats, and vulnerabilities prevalent in information systems and IT Cited by: 9. Cryptographic sealing for information secrecy and authentication. Share on. Author: control lists, and information flow control. The mechanism is enforced with a synthesis of conventional cryptography, public-key cryptography, and a threshold scheme.

C.E. Communication theory of secrecy systems. Bell Sys. Tech. Jour (Oct. Author: K GiffordDavid. Retrieval of Certification Authority Public Key 44 And public key systems book Data Objects Required for Public Key Authentication for offline dynamic data authentication 59 Table Format of Data Recovered from Issuer Public Key Certificate 61 Systems - Book 2, Security and Key Management, describes the minimum security.

Chapter 8 Public Key Cryptography Figure Public Key Cryptography: Secrecy. Authentication As previously mentioned, either key may be used for encryption with the other used for subsequent decryption.

This facilitates a different form of scheme as shown in figure The purpose of public-key authentication is to verify the public key of a legal user and to prevent public key from being forged.

Three of the most popular schemes for public-key authentication are ID-based scheme (Shamir, ), certificate-based scheme (Kohnfelder, ). Brenda encrypts the challenge using her private key and sends it back to Adam.

Adam uses Brenda’s public key to decrypt the challenge, and if it is the same as the one he sent, it proves that she knows the secret key. Figure 1. A public key authentication protocol. This is the essence of a one-way authentication protocol.

The public key is comprised of a string of random numbers and can be used to encrypt a message, which only the intended recipient can decipher and read by using the associated private key, which is also made of a long string of random numbers.

This private key is a secret key, and must remain known only to the recipient. A Hashed Message Authentication Code (HMAC) combines a shared secret key with hashing. IPsec uses HMACs (see below). Two parties must pre-share a secret key. Once shared, the sender uses XOR to combine the plaintext with a shared secret key and then hashes the output using an algorithm such as MD5 (called HMAC–MD5) or SHA-1 (called HMAC–SHA-1).

While your authentication is private, the lock of your house is public. In the digital world, the key is called a key, and the lock is also called a key. So there are two keys; one is your copy of the secret- your private key, and the other is the public key that’s accessible to anyone.

This is the public/private key. This book is a decent introduction to public key infrastructure.

Description Secrecy, authentication, and public key systems EPUB

Much of the book is unfortunately just regurgitating the standards, though. The book could use a lot more exposition and commentary. However, if you want a book on public key infrastructure, there are not many choices and this one is as good as any s: 6.

Security depends on the secrecy of the private key. In the Diffie–Hellman key exchange scheme, each party generates a public/private key pair and distributes the public key. After obtaining an authentic copy of each other's public keys, Alice and Bob can compute a shared secret offline.

to them. This secret key can then be used for some time thereafter to provide privacy, data integrity, or both.

In this paper, we discuss the security of public-key based authentication protocols, with and without an associated key exchange. We restrict our attention to two-party mutual authentication, rather than multi-party and one-way.

The public-key cryptography is based on personal secrecy rather than sharing secrecy. In public-key cryptography, as shown in Figure a, two different keys, a public key and a private key are is a salient requirement that it must not be possible to determine the private key from the public key.

In a symmetric key system, the shared key needs to be protected. In an asymmetric key system, while the public key can be distributed freely, the secrecy of the private key needs to be maintained at all times.

It is also very important in the case of a private/public key pair, that the public key cannot be used to derive the private key. Public-key cryptography and related standards and techniques underlie the security features of many products such as signed and encrypted email, single sign-on, and Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) communications.

This document introduces the basic concepts of public-key cryptography. For an overview of SSL, see "Introduction to SSL." For an overview of encryption and decryption, see.

In private key cryptography, the key is kept as a secret. In public key cryptography, one of the two keys is kept as a secret. Private key is Symmetrical because there is only one key that is called secret key.

Public key is Asymmetrical because there are two types of key: private and public key. Public key cryptography, introduced in the s, is the modern cryptographic method of communicating securely without having a previously agreed upon secret key.

Public key cryptography typically uses a pair of keys to secure communications—a private key that is kept secret, and a public key that can be widely distributed. Chapter 4 Authentication Protocols and Key Establishment This chapter discusses authentication protocols involving cryptographic algorithms.

The main focus is authenticated key establishment protocols seeking to establish a crypto-graphic key (secret) for subsequent secure communications, with assurance of the iden-tity of the far-end party sharing the key.

In secret key cryptography, both the sender and receiver must use the same key to encrypt and decrypt a message as shown in Fig. (for obvious reasons it was named symmetrical encryption). This imposes a security risk as we need to deliver the key to the recipient of the message in a secure way to decrypt the message.

If intruders get hold of the key, they will be able to decrypt the secret.

Details Secrecy, authentication, and public key systems FB2

The most widely used public key certificates comply with the X format, and the X Version 3 certificate is the current industry standard format.

A public key infrastructure relies on X certificates, also called digital certificates, or public-key certificates, for public-key authentication.

Exponential key exchange. The first publicly known public-key agreement protocol that meets the above criteria was the Diffie–Hellman key exchange, in which two parties jointly exponentiate a generator with random numbers, in such a way that an eavesdropper cannot feasibly determine what the resultant value used to produce a shared key is.

Exponential key exchange in and of itself does not. Public key encryption, or public key cryptography, is a method of encrypting data with two different keys and making one of the keys, the public key, available for anyone to use.

The other key is known as the private key. Typically, system administrators gain access to Unix systems over SSH using generated keys, typically a private/public keypair.

This file-based authentication system can provide a single user’s private key with access to machines that have corresponding public keys. Protect data residing in business systems by eliminating locally stored private SSH keys used to authenticate applications; Gain operational efficiencies and reduce the burden on IT by automating SSH key management processes, including key pair rotation, public key distribution and private key.

The two usual ways of doing that is by using a password or a public key pair. The password based authentication works as you can imagine: The client sends his password over the secure channel, the server verifies that this is indeed the password of the specific user and allows access.

In the public key case, we have a very different situation. In cryptography, a shared secret is a piece of data, known only to the parties involved, in a secure usually refers to the key of a symmetric shared secret can be a password, a passphrase, a big number, or an array of randomly chosen bytes.

The shared secret is either shared beforehand between the communicating parties, in which case it can also be called a.

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This shared secret key will only be used temporarily for the duration of our communications with that server. This is the basis of secure communication on the web - what is known as HTTPS. (Insecure web pages are served to your browser using the HTTP communications system HyperText Transfer Protocol, the S at the end of HTTPS indicates Secure).

From Passwords to Public Keys ISBNAddison Wesley, OUT OF PRINT, some chapters online Authentication provides a thorough examination of authentication concepts and techniques, from the password systems introduced in the s to the public key systems of today.

Each technique is described through diagrams and examples, covering both how they work and.Definition. SSH uses public-key cryptography to authenticate the remote computer and allow it to authenticate the user, if necessary. There are several ways to use SSH; one is to use automatically generated public-private key pairs to simply encrypt a network connection, and then use password authentication to log on.

Another is to use a manually generated public-private key pair to perform.Cryptography, or cryptology (from Ancient Greek: κρυπτός, romanized: kryptós "hidden, secret"; and γράφειν graphein, "to write", or -λογία-logia, "study", respectively), is the practice and study of techniques for secure communication in the presence of third parties called adversaries.

More generally, cryptography is about constructing and analyzing protocols that prevent.